2.7. Canvas Email Configuration

OnTask allows to send personalized emails to users’s inbox in an instance of a Canvas Learning Management System using its API. Configuring this functionality requires permission from Canvas to access its API using OAuth2 authentication. Once this authorization is obtained, the following variables need to be defined in the file configuration file:


A dictionary with elements pairs containing the identifier for a Canvas instance that will be shown to the user and a dictionary with the following configuration parameters:

  • domain_port: A string containing the domain and port (if needed) of the Canvas host.

  • client_id: This value is provided by the administrator of the Canvas instance once permission to use the API has been granted.

  • client_secret: This value is provided together with the client_id once the permission to use the API is granted. It is typically a large random sequence of characters.

  • authorize_url: URL template to access the first step of the authorization. This is usually https://{0}/login/oauth2/auth. The string {0} is replaced internally with the value of domain_port.

  • access_token_url: URL template to access the token. This is usually https://{0}/login/oauth2/token. The string {0} is replaced internally with the value of domain_port.

  • conversation_URL: Similar to the previous two values, it is the entry point in the API to create a conversation (equivalent to send an email). This is usually https://{0}/api/v1/conversations. The string {0} is replaced internally with the value of domain_port.

  • aux_params: A dictionary with additional parameters. The dictionary may include a value for the key burst to limit the number of consecutive API invocations (to prevent throttling) and a value for the key pause with the number of seconds to separate bursts. Here is an example of the definition of this variable in the local.env file:

        "Server one":
            {"domain_port": "yourcanvasdomain.edu",
             "client_id": "10000000000001",
             "client_secret": "YZnGjbkopt9MpSq2fujUO",
             "authorize_url": "http://{0}/login/oauth2/auth",
             "access_token_url": "http://{0}/login/oauth2/token",
             "conversation_url": "http://{0}/api/v1/conversations",
             "aux_params": {"burst": 10, "pause": 5}}

Make sure you include this informtion all in a single line in the configuration file.

Default: {} (Empty dictionary)


The number of seconds to renew a token before it expires. For example, if the variable is 300, any API call performed with a token five minutes before it expires will prompt a token refresh. Here is an example of such definition in local.env:


Default: 600

After defining these variables, restart the application for the values to be considered. To test the configuration open a workflow, create an action of type Personalized canvas email and email those messages.